Emma Kraft, portrait photo from around 1935.

(Nuremberg City Archives, C21/VII No. 85)

The house at Camerariusstrasse 6. Photo 1913.

(Nuremberg City Archives, A 38/B No. 51.3)

Camerariusstrasse 6 is circled in red. Further eastwards (to the right in the picture), the street meets Zeltnerstrasse. The cultural association building, in Art Nouveau style, can be seen at the northern end of Zeltnerstrasse. The building gained notoriety in 1935, when the “Nuremberg Laws” were enacted here during the Nazi Party rally. Aerial photo 1935.

(Nuremberg City Archives, A 97 No. 331)

Emma Kraft

(1927-1944)

Location of stone: Camerariusstrasse 6 District: Tafelhof
Sponsor: Dagmar Menzel Laying of stone: 21 August 2007

Biography

On 21 August 2007 primary school teacher Dagmar Menzel sponsored the laying of a tumbling stone for Emma Kraft, a young girl murdered in Auschwitz.

Emma was born on 29. Juni 1927 in Nuremberg. Her father, Hermann Kraft, born on 29 March 1893, came from Burgkunstadt. A qualified businessman, he was also employed as a welder and metal worker. Her mother Martha (née Bayer) came from Nuremberg and was born on 21 May 1895. Her parents had moved to the city from Berlin. Hermann and Martha married on 2 July 1922. On 19 April 1925 their son Ernst Heinrich was born.

According to their declaration at the registry office, Hermann and Martha were “non-religious”. Nevertheless, in the National Socialist state, they were considered Jewish on the grounds of their ancestry.

During the “Night of Broken Glass” on 9 /10 November 1938 Hermann was arrested and taken to Dachau concentration camp. After several weeks there, he was released on 7 December.

Emma was 14 when the family of four were deported to the Riga-Jungfernhof camp on 29 November 1941. Heinrich was murdered there. Hermann, Martha and Emma were moved to Stutthof concentration camp in August 1944. Emma’s parents were murdered in the camp. Emma died in Auschwitz.

- Nuremberg City Archives, C 21/X No. 5 registration cards.

- Nuremberg City Archives (ed.), Gedenkbuch für die Nürnberger Opfer der Schoa (Quellen zur Geschichte und Kultur der Stadt Nürnberg, vol. 29), Nuremberg 1998, p. 178.

- Nuremberg City Archives (ed.), Gedenkbuch für die Nürnberger Opfer der Schoa, supplementary volume (Quellen zur Geschichte und Kultur der Stadt Nürnberg, vol. 30), Nuremberg 2002, p. 32.